Postcard with the image of dolls. The first Russian matryoshka appeared in the late XIX century. In the image carved figurines Buddhist saint Fukuruma, which was brought from the island of Honshu, turner Basil Zvezdochkin machined figures and artist Sergei Malyutin painted them. He painted on figurines girl in a sundress and a scarf with a black cock in his hand. The toy consisted of eight figures. For the girl was a boy, then a girl again and so on All of them are something different from each other, and the last, eighth, showed a baby wrapped in swaddling clothes. A common name at the time was the name of Matrona - and there was everyone's favorite Matryoshka.